Livelihood assets that encompass human, physical, social, natural, and financial assets are considered as dependent variables, while household livelihood strategies are independent variables. The results show that livelihood assets have been unequally distributed, with FH possessing the least assets; however, FH are better than UHH and SHH in the diversification of livelihood activities. b) Livelihood programs must consider the diverse set of existing skills, knowledge, assets, and ex-perience of the refugee community. Different types of livelihood assets have identified by so me scholars and organizations. 0000004328 00000 n A person's livelihood (derived from life-lode, "way of life"; cf. xref Livelihood assets As the livelihoods approach is concerned first and foremost with people, it seeks to gain an accurate and realistic understanding of people’s strengths (here called “assets” or “capitals”). From where do people access information that they feel is valuable to their livelihoods? livelihood comprises of “assets (natural, physical, human, financial and social capital), the activities, and the access to these assets (mediated by institutional and social relations) that determine the livelihood of a household” [1]. 0 Key words: livelihood, assets, livelihood strategies, diversification INTRODUCTION Rural poverty reduction efforts, now days, stress the importance of lack of assets as both an indicator and causes for livelihood and food insecurity. (2018) found that investing in all five types of assets, especially human or social assets, helps farmers adopt adaptation measures. H�lTM�� ��W�H�����^�=l�[��Z�upL�8��_�l�a�ޛ7s�ݝ���q���`䬓2�p�%O& p�x�-�����.��t8J�ƒ��A�7W�����ޟǦ�nj2I�X�EE~�)c�͝э�QTŒ�`MJVo���{������x�|H�3��x8�u���D������Dk��ZE}�?���j�?�E���� _]��f�� z�Y�1�y���+V����oQ���K�ը��RU7�TȖ��Đ��sr��-��.~��S=j����3�4`����,⣜�.��B�T���1F���k�e�8��B�B��ޟ�� Publication oaji.net Internet Source 0000001856 00000 n ), maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, while not undermining the natural resource base”. IFRC operates within the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework and has identified 5 types of Livelihoods assistance: 1. provisioning for lost livelihoods sources (basic needs assistance), 2. livelihoods recovery including replacement of lost Livelihoods assets, 3. livelihoods strengthening, 4. livelihoods diversification and 5. livelihoods protection. The livelihoods principles and framework form the basis of all livelihoods programming. 0000027628 00000 n �}O��:�, ^����fo$AuH���B�c����m�R��0� @#�Ƕ��Q0�9WC��5�C������cD:�1_ΌԶ�{W�f��)r�l1T> �z�BC,��kC�lL҄c��=8a�bw;WXj4ʱ��>T��8�5�?|���ҝ;���~�{i��^W��)�А�{��y Downloadable! Table 1. Household head remains the main driving force behind any livelihood … On the basis of these criteria, households were categorized into four different categories i.e. At nearby movements, livelihood assets tend forgone for moving duck farming since they are also used for paddy fields. 0000016392 00000 n A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (stores, resources, claims and access) and activities required for a means of living: a livelihood is sustainable which can cope with and recover from stress and shocks, maintain and enhance its capabilities and assets, and provide sustainable livelihood opportunities for the The fundamental principles of livelihoods programming are that it is people-centred, multilevel, dynamic, and ultimately aims to achieve sustainable livelihoods4. "The Effect of Social Capital on Governance and Sustainable Livelihood of Coastal City Community Medan", Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2015. Policies, Institutions and Processes OG lib-leit) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life".Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. Some livelihood assets such as agricultural production knowledge and tools become redundant, influencing sustainable livelihood strategies– ways of combining and using livelihood assets . 0000028896 00000 n They enable people to transform one type of asset into an-other through markets. DFID identifies five different capital endowments to compose the livelihood assets, including natural capital, human capital, physical capital, financial capital, and social capital [ 20 �H �)))'w7�� �-Rp�Α��,���r�q=C�H|H� �7��|�����(�#�������lV�r��r��~.m]�'�����?��� 9�+m�H#!ʍ}�0��$��DZ�6P����~@�U;�,�,��@.c,Y[T�G)�s,*����W m����"b��&��1?��?��>ڧq�_�L����72S�� summarized in Appendix 1 is focused on the identification of their livelihood assets. Increasing one type of capital leads to an increase in other amounts of capital, (ex. 0000022813 00000 n well-off, better-off, poor and poorest of the poor. They have a strong influenceon interpersonal relations. Livelihood assets, such as human, natural, and physical capital, are more dominant than the financial and social capital. livelihood assets usage on moving duck farming was attributed to the moving traveled distance. Which groups, if any, are excluded from accessing these sources? (Sustainable Livelihoods Support Office, 1999). Various scholars distinguish different determinant factors, which influence livelihood diversification strategies based on their inferential statistics results. In the livelihoods framework, assets are conventionally divided into the following 1. natural capital 2. physical capital 3. human capital 4. financial capital 5. social capital In conventional economics such assets are usually known as factors of production and are typically subdivided into land (natural capital), labour (human capital) and capital (p… Agriculture remains the most important livelihood source. 0000002029 00000 n It is crucial to analyse how people endeavour to convert these strengths into positive livelihood outcomes. Five types of livelihood capitals/assets (human, physical, social, natural and financial) were discussed and different indicators were constructed to measure the five livelihood capitals [8, 9]. 0000002106 00000 n Capital Assets The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities and shows how they relate to one another. 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