The Californian Gold Rush populated California with "forty-niners" and transformed California into a very Americanized society. In June 1845 the leader of the Mormons, Joseph Smith, was murdered. It ran for more than 3 decades. Utah becomes the 45th state. At first an opponent of Texan independence, he became a Texan revolutionary after being jailed by the Mexican government. Their leader assassinated and their homes under attack, the Mormons of Nauvoo, Illinois, begin a long westward migration that eventually brings them to the valley of the Great Salt Lake in Utah. Mormons settled in Utah in 1847, and received criticism in 1852 for their advocacy of polygamy. In the 1840s and 1850s, Americans continued to debate questions about rights and citizenship for various groups of U.S. inhabitants. He was captured by Sam Houston's army at the Battle of San Jacinto, and was forced to sign the Treaties of Velasco. Founded in 1822 by William Becknell, the Santa Fe Trail was the first international trail from the US to Mexico. The former House Speaker and Whig leader known as the "Great Pacificator," Clay presented a series of compromises in 1850 in response to the vast territories the US won after the Mexican-American War. 13. 1850 congress thought that the mormons were becoming independent by living there. Former President Van Buren was nominated for the party's president candidate. Individuals who manage or own businesses by investment, despite the possible risks of losing capital, in the hopes of receiving notable profit. He was also later defeated in the. Period 5: 1844 to 1876 (Mexican War through Reconstruction) Key Concept 5.1: The United States became more connected with the world, pursued an expansionist foreign policy in the Western Hemisphere, and emerged as the destination for many migrants from other countries. US government against them Looking to pass the APUSH Test? 24: 1388285920: Franklin Pierce: Democrat (1853-1857), Candidate from the North who could please the South. However, they were targeted by other Christians who disagreed with Mormon practices such as polygamy. He signed the Texan Annexation three days before leaving office. He late helped developed what is now known as the Morse Code. page 2 of 3 Polk and the Democratic Party gained votes by calling for the annexation and occupation of Texas and Oregon. A young American farmer who established the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints based on revelations he experienced. A vast area of grassland owned by the federal government where ranchers could graze their herds for free. A treaty signed by the US government and Indian tribes in the Wyoming Territory that officially ended Red Cloud's War. They were involved in the Mountain Meadow Massacre in 1857 after President Buchanan sent 2500 American troops to suppress a supposed Mormon uprising. Substantial numbers of international migrants continued to arrive in the United States from Europe and Asia, mainly from Ireland and Germany, often settling in ethnic communities where … An unsuccessful Whig candidate for the 1852 Presidential Elections. The peace treaty signed by the interim government of the captured Mexico City and the US that ended the Mexican-American War in 1848. A stagecoach and wagon trail used by American pioneers beginning in the 1820's to migrate to Oregon, California, and Wyoming. Period 5 (Expansion, Regional Separation, the Civil War and Its Aftermath, 1844-1877) 1845: John O’Sullivan declares America’s Manifest Destiny. Wagon train crossing the Platte River 1840s-1850s. The Cheyenne under Chief Black kettle tried to surrender. Slavery becomes outlawed in Washington D.C., California is admitted as a free state, and Utah and New Mexico will determine whether slavery is allowed through popular sovereignty. US government against them. Mormon Western Expansion During the 1850s, Young organized the migration of about 16,000 Mormons from Illinois to Utah . G. Others helped too! Entire cities could special in specific commodities (Rochester became a milling center). Others thought we had a right to spread out due to American racial … Granted the Omaha Indians the right to individually own land. F. Austin and the American empresarios in Texas. Start studying APUSH Ch. 1843, Smith's announcement that God sanctioned polygamy split the Mormons and let to an uprising against Mormons in 1844; translated the Book of Mormon and died a martyr. The Annexation of Texas would later be a major factor of the Mexican-American War. The land deals the Mexican government brokered to American settlers according to its Colonization Laws. Mormons settled in Utah in 1847, and received criticism in 1852 for their advocacy of polygamy. Stephen. Led the Mormon Migration to Utah. The Mexican general and president who attempted to clamp down on the Texan Revolution in 1835. Chivington ignored the gestures. American Pageant ch 15. An economic system where the means in which private individuals, groups, or corporations own the means of production, goods are created for profit, markets are based on competition, and laborers are paid by wages. He based it off of the dime novels about romanticized Natives. It was also the route used by the US military during the American invasion of New Mexico in 1846. Revolutions in transportation and communication altered American commerce. He became the territorial governor in 1850. However, the party collapsed in 1856 as it did not have a strong stance against the issue of slavery. By the end of 1847, nearly 2,000 Mormons had moved to the Great Salt Lake Valley. Buffalo Bill began a Wild West show in 1883. The Oregon Trail was founded by fur traders and mountain men. In Colorado territory in 1864, U.S army colonel John M. Chivington led a surprise attack on a peaceful Cheyenne settlement along Sand Creek River. There were some casualties, mostly non … The Alamo later inspired American settlers to achieve victory in the Battle of San Jacinto. 2 05 APUSH (18-22) (1848-1877) (Frameworks) II. Popular enthusiasm for U.S. expansion, bolstered by economic and security interests, resulted in the … The hunters killed the buffalo in order to force the Natives on to reservations. backed by Roosevelt in 1902, it provided federal funds for the construction of damns, reservoirs, and canals in the West—projects that would open new lands for cultivation and provide cheap electric power later on. A. the regulated harvesting of timber, mining of mineral resources, and use of water on forest reservations may be permitted by the Secretary of the Interior. Unable to control the hierarchy of Young, Washington sent a federal army in 1857 against the harassing Mormons. Mormon trail to utah lesson plans and worksheets from thousands of teacher-reviewed resources to help you inspire students learning. A radical reformer who lead the homestead movement and whose actions eventually led to the Homestead Act of 1862. 1685. 1. play, The Salt Lake City Valley in 1847. Fled with his tribe to Canada instead of reservations. Which gave the president the power to establish forest reserves to protect watersheds against the threats posed by lumbering, overgrazing, and forest fires. Came into great conflict with settlers because settlers did not respect the Indian land. The Mormon leader who led the Mormon community into their "Promised Land" in the Salt Lake Valley in Utah. The Mormons were a religious group who practised a type of Christianity. Led the Mormons to Utah (1846-1847). Also known as the "Lone Star Republic," was an independent sovereignty in North American from 1836 to 1846 as a result of the Texan Revolution. Brigham Young, (born June 1, 1801, Whitingham, Vermont, U.S.—died August 29, 1877, Salt Lake City, Utah), American religious leader, second president of the Mormon church, and colonizer who significantly influenced the development of the American West.. A carpenter, joiner, painter, and glazier, Young settled in 1829 at Mendon, New York, near where the Book of Mormon was … The trail began in Missouri and ended at Santa Fe, New Mexico. APUSH Review Book Name . 1846-1848 - Mexican-American War - Because of border disputes, unpaid claims, rejection of John Slidell (envoy sent to buy CA), and attack on Taylor’s troops. Rallying cry for expansionists who wanted to annex all of the revival preachers weakening, Clay stressed the! 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